When you visit the Great Wall of China, many visitors want to know if they are walking in what many consider a graveyard of dead bodies. Does the Great Wall of China have dead bodies inside the wall?
Bodies would not have been buried right into the wall, but they could have been buried in the earth near and even under the wall. They would not have put them right into the wall, as when the bodies decomposed, it would have caused structural damage. The bodies are probably buried right by the wall or under the wall or even under some stone and other slabs.
The Great Wall of China – Longest Cemetery On Earth
The Great Wall of China has been called by many the “Longest Cemetery On Earth.” There are no exact numbers of how many people died during the wall’s construction. Still, it has been estimated that probably anywhere from 400,000 to one million workers died during the wall construction.
We do not know how many people died as no one has any records of the total number of people who worked and died building the wall. Some of these deaths could have been due to battles around the wall area and not the actual wall construction.
But contrary to the myth that the dead bodies are somehow buried into the wall itself, this has never been proven as the decomposing bodies would have weakened the wall’s structure.
But many of these workers could be buried near or in sections of the wall that did not compromise the structure. Areas such as underparts of the wall or around the area of the wall. They could have been placed in sections where large rocks or other things were placed on the graves.
The construction work on the Great Wall was very brutal and rudimentary. They had no machinery, and only elementary tools were used for all the heavy labor.
Most of the tools were basic, and much of the work was done by hand. Sometimes animals would be used, but the men did the heavy lifting and labor work most of the time.
Building The Great Wall Of China With Forced Labor
The Great Wall was a project of forced labor. Emperor Qin is known to have forced thousands of peasants, captured enemies, and criminals to work on the wall and to build the wall by hand. Many of these forced laborers were slave laborers who were not paid for their tough and difficult work.
Here are some reasons why people may have died during the construction of the Great Wall of China:
- Attack By Warring State – The Great Wall was built to protect China from the warring factions and states, especially in the north. The building of the Great Wall did not stop these attacks, so many peopled died in battle with these warring states or factions.
- Poor Working Conditions – The conditions for working on the wall would have been challenging and brutal. Many people would have died just from these poor working conditions.
- Not Enough Food – Workers were only given enough food to keep them alive, so many workers would have starved.
- Rocks Falling On Workers – The work on the Great Wall was dangerous, so many workers would have died from stones and other things falling on them.
- Exhaustion and Disease – Many of the workers died from exhaustion and disease.
No matter how the workers died, the Great Wall of China was a terrible place to work, and the workers worked in appalling conditions.
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Types Of Workers On The Great Wall
At the time of the Great Wall Construction, there were no machines, so the construction of the Great Wall depended on all manual labor. The workers of the Great Wall worked on treacherous mountains and hills; it was not an easy job to be working on the Great Wall.
Since the Qin Dynasty (221 BC to 206 BC), the construction of the Great Wall has been a massive undertaking. Emperor Qin ordered millions of people to work on the Great Wall project.
According to historical data, the Great Wall labor comprised three groups: soldiers, ordinary people, and criminals.
Soldiers Who Worked On The Great Wall
Soldiers were one of the major groups who worked on the Great Wall. During the wall building in the Northern Qi (550 to 557), the soldiers were ordered to work on the Great Wall Construction.
Also, during the Qi Dynasty, at least 300,000 soldiers were part of the Great Wall construction crew. It took them nine years to finish the wall section they were working on.
As many of these soldiers came from other parts of China, to help them feel settled in their new area of construction, the court ordered some widows to marry them.
Ordinary People Who Worked On the Great Wall
Millions of ordinary people were also ordered to work on the Great Wall. Many of these ordinary people were peasants. It is said that millions of peasant workers were required to help build the wall.
In a section of the Sui’s wall (581 to 618) in Inner Mongolia, at least one million men were required to help build the wall.
It was a significant burden on ordinary people to build the Great Wall. Many times almost all the men were forced to help make the wall. Even children were forced to join in the construction of the wall.
The forcing by the Chinese Dynasties of the peasants and laborers to help build the wall had enormous economic costs to the population. Men were working on the wall and were not in the fields growing food.
Women also did not want to have a son or a male child as they were afraid their son would be forced to work on the wall construction. Many women lost their husbands while they were working on the Great Wall.
The construction of the Great Wall killed ordinary people and caused hardships to the peasants and their families, such as famine, poverty, and other issues. If you calculate the human cost of the Great Wall to not just the workers but also their families, the cost of lives is probably more than a couple million.
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Criminals Worked On The Great Wall
Criminals were also forced to work on the Great Wall. The labor was a punishment for them and their crimes. During the daytime, the criminals were ordered to take turns patrolling and guarding the wall.
At night they were to work and build to extend the wall. They did not get much sleep or much food. Many died of pure exhaustion and hunger.
According to the laws of the time, the criminals were required to serve at least four years of hard labor.
Many workers worked and died on the wall; there could be dead bodies under, around, and even in the wall area. But it is not likely they were buried right in the wall structure itself, but around the area or in a part of the wall where the decomposing of the bodies would not hurt the overall structure of the wall.
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How Much Does The Great Wall Of China Weigh?
If you calculate the approximate number of bricks and the weight of each of those, the Great Wall of China would weigh over 50,000,000 tons. The Great Wall is considered the heaviest continuous structure on the face of the earth. As so many bricks were used to build the wall, if you put all the bricks side by side, it would go around the equator about 36 times.
Where Does The Great Wall Of China End?
The Great Wall ends at what is known as the Jianyu Pass; this Jianyu Pass is the westernmost part of the Great Wall and also was known as the “First and Greatest Pass Under Heaven.” Some called it is the gates at the Jianyu Pass, the Gate of Travelers, and the Gate of Sighs.
How Long Did It Take to Build the Whole Great Wall of China?
The Great Wall of China took over 2,000 years to build. The building span over many Chinese Dynasties or for about 22 centuries. The construction of the wall ended in the Ming Dynasty in 1644. The Great Wall is one of the most significant human-made construction projects globally; the Great Wall is over 21,196 kilometers or 13,171 miles. There are over 25,000 watchtowers scattered throughout the Great Wall structure.
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