The magical thing about living or visiting Sweden is how different the sunlight and darkness can be between the winter and summer months. The summer months can become a magical time when it is light all the time, whereas in the winter months you will, you are usually encased in darkness.
It is not always dark in Sweden; it is only dark in winter. Southern Sweden and Northern Sweden can have a very different amount of darkness in the winter. There are parts of northern Sweden that do not see any light for many months during winter. Southern Sweden will have more sunlight than north Sweden in the winter month.
Sweden And Darkness During The Winter
When I went to high school in Sundsvall, Sweden, it would be dark before I left for school in the morning. When I came home from school in the afternoon, it was still dark. We had a few hours of sunlight during the daytime, but most of the time, it was dark.
Sweden is a very long country that stretches from the south near Denmark to the very north near the Arctic circle. The amount of darkness and the weather in Sweden can differ between the north and the south.
For example, on December 22nd in Kiruna, Sweden, the sun does not rise. This does not mean that it’s completely dark, but it does mean that you will see a bit of twilight during the daytime. When it snows, it does help it seem to be a bit lighter during the darker winter months.
Kiruna, Sweden, is located 140 kilometers or 50 miles north of the arctic circle. It is the northernmost city in Sweden.
On the other hand, Malmo Sweden is located in southern Sweden and just across Denmark. Today, to drive across the Oresund Bridge to Denmark, it is 25 miles between Malmo and Copenhagen.
On December 22nd in Malmo, Sweden, the sun will rise about 8:30 am, and the sun will set at 3:30 pm. On the same day of the year, Malmo has much more light than Kiruna Sweden.
Not all Sweden is always dark, and the darkness only happens during the colder winter months.
Sweden And the Midnight Sun
Just as Sweden has some parts in the wintertime when the sun never rises, there are also parts of Sweden where the sun never sets during the summertime. This phenomenon is known as the midnight sun.
For example, in the same city of Kiruna on June 21st, the sun will not go down at all, and the town of Kiruna will have sunlight for 24 hours. On June 21st in Malmo, Sweden, the most southern city in Sweden, the sun will rise at about 4:30 am and go down again at about 10 pm.
During the summer months, the northern part of Sweden will have sun all day long, and the central and southern parts will have about 16 to 22 hours of sun per day.
Why Does Sweden Have The Dark Winters And Sun Filled Summers?
Sweden has the midnight sun because the earth’s axis tilts towards the sun in the summer and away from the sun in the winter. Therefore, the North or South Pole poles are exposed to sun rays six months long.
Because of the earth’s axis tilting, northern Sweden will have the midnight sun from about March 21st to about September 21st. At the North Pole and some of the artic circle area, the sun will be visible 24 hours a day for some of these days.
Midnight Sun In Sweden
As the earth moves around its axis and tilts towards the sun, the days will gradually get longer and longer; this is known as the midnight sun. The best time to go to northern Sweden to experience and see the full effect of the midnight sun is from about the end of May to about mid-July.
In another Sweden, even after midnight, you can get in a full round of golf at the golf course or be outside at night without having to worry about ever losing daylight.
The midnight sun is unique to Sweden and affects Norway, Finland, Northern Russia, Alaska, Greenland, and Canada.
Northern Lights In Sweden
Because of the same phenomenon with the earth’s axis tilting, you can also see some of the northern lights in Sweden. The northern lights are phenomena that usually take place in northern Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Finland, and Greenland. The northern lights phenomenon usually takes place from September 22nd to March 20th.
But unlike the midnight sun, where you can go to Northern Sweden during June and July, and you will be able to experience the midnight sun, the northern lights only happen when certain conditions of nature come together. It is not sure that you can see the lights of the north.
The ideal conditions for the northern lights are when it’s cold and dark outside, then the activities on the north light become very high. The sky must be clear to see the northern lights, and they usually happen on freezing nights.
Also, if you are trying to see the northern lights when there is a full moon, it becomes quite difficult as the full moon makes it too light in the sky. Sometimes the northern lights may only blur for a brief moment, and other times you can enjoy spectacular views that can last for several hours. But one of the best times to see the northern lights is before midnight.
Being able to see the northern lights is a matter of luck. No set forecast or formula can ensure you will see the lights of the north at a specific time or place. Theoretically, you could see the northern lights all year round, but it is much easier to see them in the darker winter months because you have the darkness of the winter sky.
So even though northern Sweden can be completely dark during the winter months, some light can be seen, known as the northern lights.
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