Mongolia’s Genghis Khan Statue: Mongolia’s Love for Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan and Mongolia

Outside Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is a huge statue of Genghis Khan. The Genghis Khan Statue is an amazing tribute to Genghis Khan.

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The Genghis Khan Statue Complex is outside Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. This statue commemoration of the Mongolian leader, Genghis Khan, who ruled Mongolia in the early 1200s. Despite his challenging childhood, Genghis Khan rose to become one of the greatest and most powerful leaders of his time. Genghis Khan and his army conquered many parts of the world, including part of China, to the present-day Capsian Sea area.

Mongolia’s Genghis Khan Statue – Chinggis Khan Statue Complex

The Genghis Khan Statues, also known as the Genghis Khan Equestrian statue or Chinggis Khan Statue Complex, is a 131-foot (40 meters) tall statue of Genghis Khan on horseback. The statue is located on the Tuul River bank about 54 kilometers or (33.5 miles) east of the Mongolian capital, Ulaanbaatar.

The Genghis Khan Statue was completed in 2008; it was designed by the sculptor D. Erdenebileg and architect J. Enkhjargal. The complex at the time cost USD 4.1 million. The statue used 250 tons of steel for its building.

As one Mongolian, Sanchir Erkhem, a Mongolian Sumo wrestler living in Japan, summed up how the Mongolians feel about Genghis Khan. He said this to the New York Times while posing for photos outside the Genghis Khan statue:

“All Mongolian people are proud of this statue…Genghis Khan is our hero, our father, our god.”

Sanchir Erkhem – New York Times

The statue sits high on a hill as it also symbolically points east towards Genghis Khan’s birthplace. When you visit the statue, you can see the following:

  • Statue Base – At the statue base, there may be vendors there who will offer you camel or horseback riding, plus you can try your luck with having a Mongolian eagle sit on your arm.
  • Visitors center – The bottom of the statue has a visitors center where you can learn a bit more about the statue and Genghis Khan. The visitors center is 10 meters (33 feet tall) and has 36 columns. Each of the columns respects the 36 Mongolian khans from Genghis Khan to Ligdan Khan.
  • Restaurant, Museum, Souvenir Shop and Conference Hall – There is also a restaurant, souvenir shop, museums and conference hall. The museums show some artifacts from everyday life during the time of Genghis Khan.
  • ViewPoint Station – On the top of statues, you can go up by elevator or stairs to see a panoramic view of the entire area. It is a magnificent view and really gives you a feel of Mongolia’s amazing landscape.
A View From the Genghis Khan Statue
A View From the Genghis Khan Statue

What Was Genghis Khan’s Early Life Like?

Genghis Khan’s original name was Temujin, also spelled Temuchin. The name Temujin meant “of iron” or “blacksmith.”

Genghis Khan was born in north-central Mongolia about 1162. Young Genghis and his family were members of the Borjigin tribe and were descendants of Khabul Khan; Khabul Khan briefly united the Mongols against the Jin (Chin) Dynasty in the early 1100s.

Folklore says that Genghis was born with a blood clot in his hand. In the Mongolian culture, a child born with a blood clot was thought to sign that the child was destined to be a leader.

When Genghis was only nine years old, a rival clan poisoned his father; this left his mother alone to raise her seven children alone. At the time of his father’s death, Genghis claimed himself as a clan chief instead of his father. The clan refused to accept Genghis as their clan leader; shortly after, the clan expelled his family, leaving his mother to raise her seven children alone and without support.

Genghis Khan’s mother taught him the importance of having the right alliances in life. His mother taught him the grim reality of living in a constantly turbulent society like the Mongol society. Because of the very rough beginnings of his life, he grew up hunting and foraging his way to survive at all costs. There is a story that says Genghis may have even murdered his own half brother in a dispute over food.

At age 16, Genghis married Borte from another clan; this marriage helped cement the alliance between him and the Konkirat clan. But soon after their marriage, Borte was kidnapped by the Merkit clan and given to the chieftain as another wife.

Genghis was able to rescue his wife soon after she gave birth to her first son. We are not sure if the son was Genghis’s son or the son of the Merkit clan chieftain, but Genghis accepted him as his own.

Borte and Genghis had four sons. As it was the Mongolian custom to have several wives, he also had many other children with other Mongolian wives. Only Borte’s male children qualified for the succession in the family.

Even at a very young age, Genghis showed himself as an exceptional warrior and leader. He was able to amass an army of supporters and understood the importance of forging alliances with other important clans. By 1206, he was able to consolidate his Mongol power so he could focus on outside conquests.

Mongolia's Countryside
Mongolia’s Countryside

How Did Genghis Khan Come To Power?

In 1206 an assembly of leaders declared Genghis Khan the universal emperor (Chinggis khan) of the Mongolian Stepp. The Mongolian Stepp is located throughout most of present-day Mongolia.

It can be said that Genghis Khan’s had the ability to understand the importance of alliances at a very young age, which helped him to be able to amass his power base. He also exterminated any existing clan nobility he conquered and overpowered the enemies until he could consolidate his power base.

Genghis Khan was known to have a very keen eye for talent, even talent he saw in his own sworn enemies. Genghis promoted his officers, not on ancestry, class, or even other allegiances but their talent and skills.

There is a story about a battle in 1201 with Genghis Khan and the rival Taijut clan; Genghis was nearly killed after his horse was shot from under him with an arrow. When he later spoke to the Taijut clan prisoners, he asked who had shot his horse with the arrow? One brave prisoner admitted that he was responsible.

Genghis was so impressed with the soldier who had shot him that he made him an officer in his army and nicknamed him “jebe” or “arrow” to honor their first meeting on the battlefield. Jebe became one of the greatest field commanders for Genghis Khan’s conquests of Asia and Europe.

During his conquests, Genghis Khan gave other kingdoms a chance to submit to Mongol rule peacefully. If they did not, he did not hesitate to bring down the sword on any society that refused.

Many historians believe that during the Mongol conquests, under the leadership of Genghis Khan, as many as 40 million people may have died. To put into perspective the brutality of these Mongol conquests, some historians estimate that the entire world’s population dropped 11% during the Mongol battles and conquests.

What Was Genghis Khan Best Known For?

Genghis Kham was best known for unifying the Mongolian steppe or Mongolian territory into on massive empire. He is known for his conquering of part of China under the powerful Jin (Chin) Dynasty. Genghis Khan and his army also captured territory as far west as the Caspian sea.

Here are some other less known facts about Genghis Khan:

  • Religious Tolerance – Unlike many other empire builders, Genghis Khan believed in the diversity of religion for his newly conquered territories. He passed laws to allow tax exemptions for places of worship and freedom of religion. This came from the belief that happy people were less likely to rebel.
  • Created One of The First Postal Services – Along with their bows and arrows to conquest other places, the Mongols also had a vast communication network. This network included a mounted courier known as “Yam.” This courier network was a well-organized group of riders. Many of these riders would travel 200 miles a day. This sophisticated communication system helped give the Mongol army some strategic advantages.
  • Did Not Believe in Torture – The Mongols did not purposely maim or torture their prisoners; instead, they believed in speed and efficiency in battle. In other words, they fought to kill.
  • Brought Enemies Into His Army – One way the Mongols increased their Army was they often absorbed or brought their enemies in as soldiers and fought alongside them.
  • Left Cities Alone – Once he had conquered a city, the Mongols would leave their officials there to rule the city and expected the people to get on with their everyday lives. In other words, they would leave these people alone to live their lives as they had been living them before – except now with some new government minders.
  • Outlaw Slavery – Genghis knew first hand about the terrors of slavery, so he outlawed all kinds of slavery.
  • Established Laws – Genghis Khan established a Mongol common law that was known as “Yassa.” It prohibited things like theft, adultery, blood feuds, and bearing false witness.
  • Universal Writing System – Genghis Khan ordered the creation of a writing system based on the Uyghur alphabet. He saw this as a way to help him enforce his law; this writing system was widely taught.
  • Free Trade – Genghis Khan believe in free trade and using trade to gain knowledge (he had spies as merchants) and saw trade as a unifying force.
  • Redistributed Wealth – Genghis Khan was extremely wealthy. He had conquered a lot of lands. But rather than hoard the land, money, and goods he gained through conquering, he gave freely to the soldiers and commanders. This ensured their loyalty and that they did not loot without permission.
A Mongolia Herder Outside His Ger (Yurt)
A Mongolia Herder Outside His Ger (Yurt)

When Did Genghis Khan Die?

No one really knows how Genghis Khan died or exactly where he is buried. There are still many rumors as to how he died. The most well-known rumor says he died in 1227 from injuries due to a fall from a horse. Other sources say he died of malaria, an arrow in the knee, or was murdered while trying to force himself on a Chinese princess.

Where he is buried is as much a mystery as to how he died. Genghis Khan took great pains to keep his final resting place a secret. According to some legend, his funeral procession slaughtered anyone that came in contact with it. Even on this journey to his final resting place, people were killed to ensure silence.

Folklore says that those involved in the funeral procession rode horses over his grave to conceal it. Genghis Khan’s most likely resting place is around the Mongolian mountain called Burkham Khaldun.

Genghis Khan is an enigmatic historical character. There’s no doubt that his conquests were brutal as so many people died, but on the other hand, he also instituted many policies that were very forward-thinking for his time. So no matter what you may think about Genghis Khan, one thing for certain is that he was an amazing leader that was able to rally his army and others behind him.

What is Mongolian Throat Singing Called?

Mongolia has a long tradition of Mongolian Tuvan throat singing. This kind of singing is an overtone kind of cultural music where singers will sing more than one pitch at the same time. There are four types of throat singing like Khoomei, Khorekteer, Sygyt, and Kargyraa throat singing. Each type of throat singing has a unique sound. The Mongolian rock’n’roll band the Hu have combined the Mongolian throat singing and traditional Mongolian instruments with rock’n’roll. The Hu and their music continue to gain popularity as they perform together with some top rock’n’roll names.

You can find out more by reading our blog What is Mongolian Throat Singing Called? Mongolian Tuvan Throat Singing by clicking here.

Why You Should Bring Binoculars On Your Trip to Mongolia?

When you are traveling to Mongolia, an essential item to pack is a lightweight pair of binoculars. By having binoculars, you should be able to see much further than with your naked eye. To get the most out of your Mongolian adventures, you should pack a pair of binoculars in your suitcase.

You can find out more by reading our blog Why You Should Bring Binoculars On Your Trip To Mongolia? by clicking here.

Anita L Hummel

Hi, I live in Hanoi, Vietnam but spend time traveling the region. I love to share with you things I see and learn through my travels.

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Genghis Khan and Mongolia